The moral justifications for capitalism are very much few and far between; over the past decade it has become overtly obvious that the application of a selfishly driven economic system will create a similar social construct. The most moving argument for the moral justification of capitalism is in the natural right to property, often explained by John Locke and Adam Smith, as JW Gray explains in an essay. This right would imply that when a person imposes their labor on a natural object, it becomes their property to gain profit from. This idea along with Adam Smiths concept of our natural tendency to be selfish are the main arguments made in Grays article and beyond. Unfortunately these concepts are wildly outdated and have basically been nullified by studies like the one I mentioned in a previous post and Gray points out that “we can’t just assume that property rights as understood by capitalists is that ideal” meaning that we cant assume that we own natural things in such a way. One other truly interesting argument about capitalism that gray mentions and many scholars on the topic touch on is that capitalism can fix the problems it has created through for example “we can reduce poverty through taxation and public services” So even though capitalism creates a hegemonic economic and social system it can be fixed though taxation and “the redistribution of wealth”. Others say that the “benefits of capitalism could outweigh the harms” in that it is so economically beneficial we cant look at the social harm and mental health effects, because the consumers can just purchase their happiness in the eyes of many capitalists. In regards to capitalism as a whole there are plenty of arguments made in opposition of a capitalistic culture, purely from an economic standpoint it is not fostering the same growth it did. But socially the effects are very prominent and more urgent. The most prominent mental health concerns that come out of a selfish capitalistic economy are depression and anxiety but it can be assumed to pose an dance of behavioral issues like adhd and bipolar disorder, in an article by Richard U’ren he explains that in “1952 the psychiatric Diagnostic Manual contained one hundred entries.  It now has over three times that many.” This expansion shows a large relation in psychiatry and consumerism. He explains that the mental state that capitalism fosters is one of being not full and not having enough and that capitalism is fueled by this in order to impose people to buy and consume more to fill the void. The amount of sadness associated with the lifestyle that consumerism pushes obviously inhibits people from gaining true happiness, they merely feel pleasure from buying things, instead of finding happiness in genuine human relationships they seek to escape their sadness with money this can lead to loneliness and hopelessness strongly influencing depression and anxiety. The life style also puts emphasis on a fast paced life and constantly focusing on what to get next this pushes on the attention span of people influencing adhd and because we have lost concrete ways to be happy and find good friendships without material means, personality disorders like bipolar disorder can be closely related to the confusion and isolation that capitalism has pressed into our social lives. These arguments about the influence of capitalism on our mental health are more concrete and understandable in our modern era as it is visible every day.


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